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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 461-465

Laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal hernioplasty: Theodor Bilharz Research Institute preliminary experience

Department of General Surgery, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MD Hesham A Elmeligy

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejs.ejs_2_20

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Background The two standard methods for inguinal hernioplasty is open and minimal access laparoscopic technique. Most laparoscopic surgeons use a transabdominal preperitoneal approach but totally extraperitoneal (TEP) approach potentially offers several advantages. Objective The aim in this study was to assess the learning curve, cost value, safety, and feasibility of TEP approach. Patients and methods Prospectively collected data on 185 consecutive patients submitted to laparoscopic TEP hernioplasty for inguinal hernia from 2016 to 2018 in Theodor Bilharz Research Institute Hospital. This study involved repair of primary, recurrent inguinal hernia and femoral hernia. The prolene mesh was used for groin hernia repair in all cases with and without fixation. Results All 185 cases started with the laparoscopic TEP technique with only four cases converted to transabdominal preperitoneal technique (2.1%). In 110 (60.7%) cases the mesh was placed without fixation. In 71 cases the mesh was fixed by Tackers or Histoacryl. In unilateral hernia, the mean operating time was 45 min, while in bilateral hernia it was 61 min. Intraoperative complications included three cases of inferior epigastric vessel injury which were managed by metallic clips of 5 mm. The mean pain score was 7.5, while the mean satisfaction score was 5.4. The mean hospital stay was 16.4 h. Regarding postoperative complications, 10 (5.5%) patients developed a postoperative seroma, four (2.1%) patients developed a hematoma, two (1.1%) patients developed a hydrocele, and five (2.7%) patients experienced neuropathic pain. There were three (1.1%) recurrent cases; all these cases were managed by open hernioplasty. Conclusion In this study, the laparoscopic TEP approach is found to be an effective, and safe technique regarding primary, recurrent open inguinal and femoral hernias with good learning curve to laparoscopic surgeon who started with transabdominal preperitoneal technique technique.

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