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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 491-496

One-stage hybrid management of patients with critical limb ischemia due to complex multilevel arterial occlusions

Department of Vascular surgery, Assiut University Hospitals, Assiut, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MD Mohamed Ibrahim
Assiut University 71515, Assiut
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejs.ejs_48_19

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Aim To evaluate the safety and efficacy of one-stage hybrid revascularization modality in patients with complex multifocal arterial occlusive lesions. Patients and methods A prospective study design was established. Included patients were those admitted to the Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Department between November 2015 and November 2016 and presenting with Rutherford stages 5 and 6 critical limb ischemia due to multilevel arterial occlusion involving common femoral artery and one or both of inflow (iliac) and outflow arteries (superficial femoral and leg arteries) with nonsignificant aortic lesions and underwent a one-stage hybrid revascularization procedure aiming limb salvage. Common femoral artery endarterectomy was a fixed step in all cases. For inflow lesions; plain balloon angioplasty with bare metal stenting was first attempted then a femoro-femoral bypass if failed the endovascular approach. For outflow lesions, plain balloon angioplasty with selective stenting was tried in all cases and to stop if failed provided the presence of sufficient profunda flow. The study end points were 1-year primary patency, secondary patency, limb salvage, and complication rates. Results This study included 30 patients (30 limbs), with a mean age of 65±10.28 years. Technical success was achieved in 46 (95.8%) of 48 performed procedures and hemodynamic or clinical success in all patients (100%). Twelve-month primary and secondary patency rates were 67 and 80%, respectively. One-year limb salvage rate was 93.3%. Postoperative complications were reported in four (13.3%) cases. Conclusion One-stage hybrid procedures may be considered a safe and effective modality in the treatment of patients with critical limb ischemia due to multilevel complex arterial occlusions.

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